Terminology used in Palliative and Health Care
DNR - Do Not Resuscitate (Also referred to as AND - Allow Natural Death) - A DNR or AND order is a physician's written order instructing healthcare providers not to attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in a case of cardiac or respiratory arrest. A person with a valid DNR order will not be given CPR under these circumstances. Although the DNR order is written at the request of a person or his or her family, it must be signed by a physician to be valid. A non-hospital DNR order is to be written for individuals who are at home and do not want to receive CPR.
Death Notification Guide
DNI - Do Not Intubate - Intubation refers to endotracheal intubation which is the insertion of a tube through the mouth or nose into the trachea (windpipe) to create and maintain an open airway to assist breathing.
CPR - Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation - CPR is a group of treatments used when someone's heart and/or breathing stops. CPR is used in an attempt to restart the heart and breathing. It may consist only of mouth-to-mouth breathing or it can include pressing on the chest to mimic the heart's function and cause blood to circulate. Electric shock and drugs are also used frequently to stimulate the heart.
What You Should Know About CPR and Advanced Care Planning
Advance Care Planning - What You Need to Know
Advance Directive - A general term that describes two kinds of legal documents, living wills and medical powers of attorney. These documents allow a person to give instructions about future medical care should he or she be unable to participate in medical decisions due to serious illness or incapacity. Each state regulates the use of advanced directives differently.
Advance Care Planning Resources
Surrogate Decision Making In Nebraska
Medical Power of Attorney - A document that allows an individual to appoint someone else to make decisions about his or her medical care if he or she is unable to communicate. This type of advance directive may also be called a healthcare proxy, durable power of attorney for healthcare, or appointment of a healthcare agent. The person appointed may be called a healthcare agent, surrogate, attorney-in-fact or proxy.
Health Care Power of Attorney - Nebraska Form
Power of Attorney - A legal document allowing one person to act in a legal matter on another's behalf regarding financial or real estate transactions.
Living Will - A type of advance directive in which an individual documents his or her wishes about medical treatment should he or she be at end of life and unable to communicate. It may also be called a directive to physicians, healthcare declaration, or medical directive.
Living Will - Nebraska Form
Palliative Performance Scales and Predictor Tools